If there are soreness and pain in the back of your calf, it could be Achilles tendonitis!

If you feel soreness and fatigue when you press on the Achilles tendon, you may have tendonitis (also known as Achilles tendonitis)! According to research, about 60% of Achilles tendonitis is related to foot deformity. Prevention is better than cure.  If a patient is fitted with corrective insoles and reduces the amount of exercises during inflammation, and tops up with calf stretching exercises, he can get rid of Achilles tendonitis!

Causes

  • Recurrent sprain ankle.
  • Overloading the Achilles tendon, e.g. excessive running and jumping.
  • Foot deformities such as flat feet, over-pronated feet, high arch.
  • Injury to the Achilles tendon tissue due to improper stretching exercises.
  • Wearing flat and loose footwear too often.
脛後肌筋腱炎 腳踝扭傷 拗柴

Symptoms

  • Swelling and hotness at the back of the heel.
  • Calf fatigue easily when walking.
  • Soreness of the Achilles tendon when walking on inclines, ascending or descending stairs and during exercise.
  • Achilles tendon tenderness when kneeling or flexing the metatarsal joint.
  • Achilles tendon pain when standing with the foot dorsiflexed.

Treatment

  1. Prescribed foot orthoses/sandals:  To correct foot deformities and abnormal biomechanics, stabilize the heel and reduce the tension on the Achilles tendon
  2. Nocturnal stretching brace: Use a calf tendon stretching brace at night to prevent injury of the fibrous tissue at rest or avoid pain after resting.
  3. Stretching exercises: If the calf tendons are too tight, perform stretching exercises to lengthen the leg muscles and tendons, increase the range of joint motion, reduce the chance of injury and promote joint recovery
  4. Ankle brace: Try using an ankle brace to stabilize the injured area to prevent excessive strain on the Achilles tendon
  5. Appropriate footwear: Wear footwear with laces or straps to avoid compression of the affected area
  6. Reduce strenuous exercise: walking on inclines and stairs

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